Information presented above and where trade names are used, they are supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by Ohio State University Extension is implied. Thorough drying is important in getting kernels that will pop. HARVEST: Corn seed is usually ready to be harvested 4-6 weeks after eating stage. The silks also dry up when the ears are almost ready to be picked. "They may want to harvest the lower ears for baby corn, then allow the top ear on a plant to mature for sweet corn," he said.
Extension agronomist Bob Nielsen says projected corn yields are already down due to various stresses, and harvesting wet may protect from further mechanical harvest losses. The ideal moisture content for popcorn is between 13 and 14%. Corn planted too closely will require more water and fertilizer and may offer a smaller yield.
Modern combines strip the husks off each ear and remove the kernels from the ears as part of the harvesting process. If the earlage is harvested while the corn is too wet, dry-matter yields will be reduced and seepage losses will be higher. However, if harvested prematurely, yield will be lower and quality will be poor.
As far as companion plants, corn and potatoes do fine, although corn is a heavy feeder, while potatoes are medium feeders and do better without as much nitrogen (which encourages foliage rather than tuber formation). In addition, no-till reduces soil moisture loss early in the season so more water is available for corn growth later in the season.
Check ornamental corn for moisture by gently pressing on a few of the kernels with your fingernail. Corn that is too young will ooze a watery material, while ears that are too old will have a tough, doughy kernel. Corn plants are picky about their soil. The corn plant will approach silage harvest maturity at about 35 to 45 days, or 900 growing degree units (GDUs) after silking.
However, when rainfall persists, along with cloudy days, high humidity and low temperatures, grain drydown will slow considerably or be suspended, much like last August and early September. At this time, the plant may be 50% stover and 50% ears on a dry matter basis.
I appreciate working with local dealers who know me and my operation along with the Golden Harvest corn hybrids that work well in my fields. The ground also needs to be dry for harvest to limit the risk of soil compaction and for ease of operating equipment.
A guide to identifying physiological maturity is to look for "black layer" formation in corn kernels. The corn material left on the ground protects the soil from erosion and returns plant mater to the ecosystem. Poor quality grain in the field will only deteriorate further as it is handled prior to How To Harvest Corn storage.
According to the website for the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, these devices are built of rows of three to six conveyors that harvest corn still on the stalk, strip the corn of its unusable components and spit them out through a cleaning sieve.
As a rule of thumb, percent moisture content of stover is twice that of the grain. (AP) - Neighbors came to help with the harvest after a 76-year-old farmer in southern Wisconsin died at home with corn still standing in his fields. Harvest Timing: Harvest timing may have a major effect on grain quality in some growing environments.